What is neoplasia in dogs?

Neoplasia is the general term used for abnormal growths within the body, also known as tumours. There are two kinds of neoplasia: cancerous and benign. Tumours arise over time as a result of age and
abnormal cell growth.

One of the types of neoplasia in dogs we treat are brain tumours, which is a form of cancer that affects the brain itself or the brain tissue.

What are the symptoms of neoplasia?

Symptoms will depend on the location of the tumour. Animals with brain tumours will often experience epileptic seizures, disorientation and potentially blindness.

Some general symptoms of neoplasia in dogs include:

  • Abnormal swelling
  • Weight loss
  • Loss of appetite
  • Problems eating or swallowing
  • Sores that don’t heal
  • Reluctance to exercise
  • Difficulty breathing

What’s the treatment?

Treatment will depends on the type and location of the tumour, and will be determined by our oncology specialists.

Chemotherapy is one treatment method, and is used in a similar way as it is when treating human cancers. Some tumours prove to be very responsive to medication, so chemotherapy can be effective.

Radiotherapy is another potential type of treatment, and can be particularly effective on larger tumours. Surgical treatment is also possible in some cases, particularly if the tumour is located close to the skin.


vet holding a dog 

What’s the prognosis?

Again, this depends on the type of tumour and can vary greatly depending on how early we catch it. An early diagnosis is often crucial to improving the odds and outlook.

We know that a cancer diagnosis can be upsetting and worrying for everyone involved. We’re here to support you in every way we can, talking you through the process and ensuring your pet receives the
best possible care.

If you’re a referring vet and want to get in touch with us regarding a neoplasia case, use our simple simple referral form.